Fajran Zain is an Analysis Manager at the Aceh Institute (AI) and Editor of the Institute’s quarterly journal SEUMIKE. He received an MA in psychology from Ball State University (BSU) Indiana in 2007 under the scheme of Fulbright scholarship. He has been teaching social psychology, cross cultural psychology, and peace psychology at Syiah Kuala University (USK) Banda Aceh, and Universitas Muhammadiyah (UNMUHA) Banda Aceh. He is the recipient of numerous awards such as the Best Paper at the International Conference and Cultural Event (ICCE) at University of Hawaii at Manoa (UHM) and East-West Center (2008); International Visitor Program (IVP) on Democracy and Civil Society Development to the US (2000), and currently is the Australian Reseach Council (ARC) scholar to pursue his PhD at the Austalian National University. Fajran is the editor of several books: Geunap: Peace is Not just an Agreement (2010); Rangkeum 2009: Socio-Political Dynamic of Aceh in Media (2010); Riyeuk: Aceh, Pluralism and Initiative (2009); Timang: Aceh, Women and Equality (2008); Intellectual Commitment on Rehabilitation, Reintegration and Reconciliation Processes (2007). He is also the author Keu Aceh Meusyuhu: Toward New Aceh Society (Book, 2005) and co-author of Tragedi Anak Bangsa: Pembantaian Tgk Bantaqiah (Book, 2005).
My research is on the Transitional Justice (TJ) mechanism in Aceh, Indonesia. I will investigate the attitude of the conflict survivors in Aceh toward the reconciliation process. Aceh has experienced civil war for three decades since 1976 and is terminated after the signing of peace accord in August 15, 2005, in Helsinki, Finland. This attitude will be predicted by 5 sets of variables of reparation experiences, perceived institutional reforms, religiosity level, individualism-collectivism level and conflict severity experiences. Which variables is the most influential one to predict the preference for either retributive or restorative justice, or on the other way, which variable is influence both the punishing and forgiving the offender? Eventually this dynamic will be used to predict the tendency for reconciliation option. Along with that I will also investigate the TJ mechanism through the historical line of Aceh, particularly since the Independent of Indonesia 1945. How Aceh deal with the past? Are there any components of transitional justice -such as trials, amnesties, reparations, lustrations, institutional reforms-applied? Which justice mechanism is in favor? In particular, there is likelihood to explore the existing customary law. How customary law deals with the political conflict?